Heian Kata, composed by Sensei Ankoh Itosu in 1905, consists of five katas – from Heian Shodan, Heian Nidan, Heian Sandan, Heian Yondan to Heian Godan. At that time, it was widely practiced as martial arts by middle-school students in their sports lessons.
In general practice, a blocking technique is always adopted as the first move in katas. The main reason, or message, behind this practice is: the basic function and value of Karatedo is for self-defence, not for aggression. This is a lesson from our ancestors that we shall never forget. As a matter of fact, the word “Heian” embraces the meaning closely associated to the notions of “endure the peace, repel aggression”.
Basic attacking and sparring techniques constitute the skeleton of Heian katas. Based on these techniques, modification and refinement were further adopted, then the full forms of these katas were resulted. Nowadays, Heian katas are commonly practiced among students of white-belts, yellow-belts and green-belts, as these katas are ideal for beginners to understand the practice and notion of “Form” in Karatedo.
There is one common point shared among the five Heian katas: all start by opening to the left in Nekoashi Dachi as defence, then followed by other different displays of techniques. In learning Heian katas, students should pay special attention to the three major elements regarding performance of kata as follows:
1. Variations of techniques,
3. Shifting of the center of gravity of the body.
HEIAN SHODAN Bunkai
HEIAN NIDAN Bunkai
HEIAN SANDAN Bunkai
HEIAN YONDAN Bunkai
HEIAN GODAN Bunkai